Dynamic tidal power or DTP is a new and untested method of tidal power generation. It would involve creating large dam-like structure extending from the coast straight to the ocean, with a perpendicular barrier at the far end, forming a large 'T' shape.
This long T-dam would interfere with coast-parallel oscillating tidal waves which run along the coasts of continental shelves, containing powerful hydraulic currents (common in e.g. China, Korea, and the UK). The concept was invented and patented in 1997 by Dutch coastal engineers Kees Hulsbergen and Rob Steijn.
A DTP dam is a long dam of 30 to 60 km which is built perpendicular to the coast, running straight out into the ocean, without enclosing an area. The horizontal acceleration of the tides is blocked by the dam. In many coastal areas the main tidal movement runs parallel to the coast: the entire mass of the ocean water accelerates in one direction, and later in the day back the other way. A DTP dam is long enough to exert an influence on the horizontal tidal movement, which generates a water level differential (head) over both sides of the dam. The head can be converted into power using a long series of conventional low-head turbines installed in the dam.
Dynamic Tidal Power (DTP) in China POWER
A single dam can accommodate over 8 GW (8000 MW) of installed capacity, with a capacity factor of about 30%, for an estimated annual power production of each dam of about 23 billion kWh (83 PJ/yr). To put this number in perspective, an average European person consumes about 6800 kWh per year, so one DTP dam could supply energy for about 3.4 million Europeans. If two dams are installed at the right distance from one another (about 200 km apart), they can complement one another to level the output (one dam is at full output when the other is not generating power). Dynamic tidal power doesn't require a very high natural tidal range, so more sites are available and the total availability of power is very high in countries with suitable conditions, such as Korea, China, and the UK (the total amount of available power in China is estimated at 80 - 150 GW).
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DTP on Wikipedia
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